• CC-DRIVER

Harmonising European Cybersecurity Strategies to Tackle Cybercrime



Cybercrime is a complex and dynamically evolving form of transnational crime which is causing enormous economic and social harm to our world. Due to its transnational nature and complexity, combatting cybercriminality greatly depends on developing a coordinated and harmonised approach to cybersecurity strategies and cybercriminality policies across European borders.

CC-DRIVER will facilitate an understanding of the human and technical drivers of cybercriminality with a special focus on the factors that lead young people to cybercrime in order to improve the efficiency of prevention and prosecution of cybercriminal activities.

Our research on cybercrime-as-a-service, juvenile cyber delinquency and criminality will be translated into innovative investigation, prevention and policy toolkits that law enforcement agencies (LEAs), policymakers and others can use to counteract cybercriminality.



The policy toolkit


The aim of the CC-DRIVER policy toolkit is to support the harmonisation of cybercrime legislation and cybersecurity strategies across Europe by providing a set of guidelines and tools for policymakers and LEAs to help combat cybercriminality within their sphere of influence. The toolkit, therefore, will contribute to the consolidation of a European Security Model and the development of a common European cybersecurity approach.


The consortium partners will review existing national cybercriminality policies in eight European countries by analysing national cybercrime legislation and cybercrime policies together with further regulatory approaches such as cyberresilience and awareness campaigns. The analysis will focus on various aspects such as

  • assessing risks

  • threats and vulnerabilities

  • cost-benefit considerations

  • legal and ethical approaches

As part of the development of the policy toolkit, the project will also conduct a comparative gap analysis of the eight different jurisdictions to identify a set of good practices and provide insights on differences and similarities in policy approaches in various European countries. Good practices will cover a wide range of cybercrime related areas, for instance, cyberstalking, cyberbullying and ransomware.


Target countries for the cybercriminality policy review include:


  • France

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Netherlands

  • Romania

  • Sweden

  • Spain

  • United Kingdom


Our project has adopted a co-design approach which ensures the integration of the end-user perspective into the development and validation of its results and tools such as the policy toolkit. CC-DRIVER, therefore, will directly engage policymakers and invite them to a workshop to review the cybercrime policy toolkit, share their feedback and discuss evidence about the most effective regulations in combating cybercrime.



Policy briefs


CC-DRIVER will also produce various policy briefs to inform European policymakers about relevant project results and highlight recommendations on good practices for harmonising cybersecurity strategies. Policy brief examples include:

  • Survey of cybercrime-as-a-service

  • Drivers of cyber criminality

  • Review of existing cybersecurity policies in eight countries

  • Harmonised policy toolkit

  • A review of cybercrime definitions and typologies


If you are interested in our policy toolkit or receiving our policy briefs, please contact us. For more information on the project, sign up to our newsletter and follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn.



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